English Grammar Conjunction in Hindi

A Conjunction or a Linker is a word that joins two words, phrases, or sentences together. Conjunction एक ऐसा शब्द होता है जो दो शब्दों, वाक्याशों और वाक्यों को परस्पर जोड़ता हैं।

Examples of Conjunction are as follows:

  1. He speaks loudly and clearly.
  2. Two and two make four

  3. Give me a pen or a pencil.

  4. Run fast otherwise you will miss the bus.

इन वाक्यों में and, or और otherwise Conjunctions हैं।

Kinds of Conjunctions: Conjunctions are of three kinds

  1. Coordinate Conjunctions.
  2. Subordinate Conjunctions.
  3. Correlative Conjunctions.
  4. Illative Conjunctions (परिणाम सूचक)

अब हम इन  Conjunctions  का एक एक करके अध्ययन करेंगे ।

Coordinate Conjunctions in Hindi with Examples

Co-ordinate conjunctions: or, but, nor, and, for, yet, so, however, neither, etc. ये Conjunction वाक्य के एक जैसे भागो जैसे कि Noun और Noun, Adjective और Adjective तथा Adverb और Adverb को आपस में जोड़ते है |

Examples of Coordinate Conjunctions in Hindi

  1. Walk fast or you will miss the bus

  2. Work hard otherwise, you will fail.

  3. The farmer has a black and white dog.

  4. He helped me as well as gave me money.

इन वाक्यों में ऐसे दो स्वतंत्रत (independent) वाक्यों को जोड़ा जाता है जिनका अपना अलग-अलग अर्थ होता है अतः इसे Coordinating Conjunction कहते है |

Coordinating Conjunctions निम्नलिखित चार प्रकार के होते है |

  1. Cumulative Conjunctions (सयोंजक)
  2. Alternative Conjunctions (विकल्प)
  3. Adversative Conjunctions (विरोध दर्शक)
  4. Illative Conjunctions (परिणाम सूचक)

Cumulative Conjunctions ( सयोंजक ) in Hindi

Cumulative Conjunctions ( सयोंजक ) And, also, both, as well as, too का प्रयोग केवल दो कथनों (statements) को जोड़ने के लिए होता है |

ACumulative Conjunctions Examples in Hindi:

  • And: He came to me. He started weeping. after using conjunction it became “He came to me and started weeping”.

  • Also:  You are a thief. You are a gambler. after using conjunction it became “You are a thief and a gambler also”.

  • Too: This boy is honest. You are also honest. after using conjunction it became “This boy is honest and you also (या you too)”.

  • As well As: Neeru is proud. Sushma is proud. after using conjunction it became “Neeru, as well as Sushma, is proud”.

Alternative Conjunctions (विकल्प) in Hindi

Otherwise, or, neither, nor, else का प्रयोग विकल्प (choice), शर्त (condition) के भाव को प्रकट करने के लिए किया जाता है |

Alternative Conjunctions Examples in Hindi:

  • Otherwise: Hurry up. You will miss the train. Hurry up otherwise you will miss the train.

  • Or: You can return the book. You can pay its cost. You can return the book or pay its cost.

  • Nor: I did not go to school. My friends also did not go. I did not go to school nor did my friends.

  • Else: Keep it with you. I shall throw it away. Keep it with you else I shall throw it away.

Adversative Conjunctions (विरोध दर्शक) in Hindi

but, still, yet, only, while, whereas, however, nevertheless का प्रयोग दो कथनों (statements) के बीच विरोध का भाव प्रकट करने के लिए होता है।

Adversative Conjunctions Examples in Hindi:

  • But: She is weak. She can do this work. She is weak but she can do this work.

  • Yet: He is very rich. He is not happy. He is very rich yet he is not happy.

Illative Conjunctions (परिणाम सूचक) in Hindi

Therefore, so, then, for, then, so then got yet feneft een (statement ) को सिद्ध करने के भाव को प्रकट करने के लिए होता है।

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